This car is likely the last hurrah of the bottom unloading coal hopper. Its prototype was built largely in the 1960s and '70s, just before the destinations for these cars - mainly utility power plants and harbor side shipping facilities - began switching to rotary unloading. While many of these cars survive in service today, newer coal cars are technically not hoppers at all. With trough-like bottoms and no hopper doors, they're actually high-sided gondolas designed solely for rotary unloading.
Unlike equipment that carried a variety of loads, like boxcars, flatcars, and gondolas, the "sawtooth" style coal hopper was designed in the late 1800s specifically for one purpose: transporting coal from mines to customers. Its capacity matched the volume of coal that a pair of typical freight trucks could carry. And its slope sheets - the angled floors at either end of the car - were set at precisely the angle at which coal would flow easily from its bottom doors. (Covered grain hoppers, for example, require much steeper slope sheets.)
The earliest steel hoppers were generally 2-bay, 50-ton cars. As truck capacities increased, the 3- and 4-bay 70-ton car became common. Two-bay cars, however, remained ideal for smaller coal dealers serving the home heating market, usually with clean-burning anthracite coal; larger cars generally delivered softer, dirtier burning bituminous coal to industrial clients and the railroads themselves. A revision of axle ratings by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) in 1963 paved the way for 100-ton cars like our model, the final evolution of more than seven decades of coal hopper design.
At last 1:32 modelers can enjoy detailed scale rolling stock built to last and available at affordable prices. We've heard the clamoring for this type of equipment and RailKing One-Gauge is proud to deliver. As always, M.T.H. works hard to satisfy the needs of our customers and we're confident that you'll find the value in our rolling stock to be unmatched by others and worthy additions to your one gauge roster.
Each car's standard features are often extras on other manufacturer's cars. Only M.T.H. gives you stainless steel wheels and axles, two types of couplers and polycarbonate bodies for indoor and outdoor use as standard equipment.